By Miquel Porta
The recent, thoroughly revised, and up-to-date version of this vintage textual content --sponsored by means of the foreign Epidemiological organization (IEA) and formerly edited by means of John Last-- is still the definitive dictionary in epidemiology around the world. actually, with contributions from over 220 epidemiologists and different clients of epidemiology from around the world, it truly is greater than a dictionary: it comprises factors and reviews on either center epidemiologic phrases and on different clinical phrases appropriate to all execs in medical medication and public healthiness, in addition to to pros within the different well-being, lifestyles, and social sciences. someone looking readability on epidemiologic and methodological definitions very important to human overall healthiness will locate it the following. at the eve of a box journey to a international land, a future health scientist remarked that if he needed to restrict his expert library to 1 quantity on epidemiology, this may be the booklet he would select.
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Additional info for Dictionary of epidemiology
An evaluation of the quality of health care, the use of resources, and outcomes. See also health services research. 3. The process of checking whether the accounts of an institution, company, or association are complete, accurate, and consistent; whether they agree with other records of activity; and whether they comply with legal requirements and professional standards. AUSTRALIA ANTIGEN Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). So called because it was ﬁrst identiﬁed in an Australian aborigine. HBsAg is a biomarker for the prevalence of infection with the virus of hepatitis B.
See also attrition; censoring; dropout. BIAS IN ASSUMPTIONS (Syn: conceptual bias) Error arising from faulty logic or premises or mistaken beliefs on the part of the investigator. False conclusions about the explanation for associations between variables. Example: Having correctly deduced the 19 Binary variable mode of transmission of cholera, John Snow concluded that yellow fever was transmitted by similar means. In fact, the “miasma” theory would have been a better ﬁt for the facts of yellow fever transmission.
ARM (of a trial) A group of persons whose outcome in a study is compared with that of another group or groups; commonly the arms of a trial are categorized as experimental and control groups. 28 The model postulates three phases: 1. A normal cell develops into a cancer cell after a small number of transition stages. 2. Initially the number of normal cells at risk is very large, and for each cell transition is a rare event. 3. The transitions are independent of each other. There are no presumptions about precipitating causes of the transition from normal to cancerous cell.