Activity in Marx’s Philosophy by Norman D. Livergood

By Norman D. Livergood

This essay makes an attempt to illustrate the importance of the main of task within the philosophy of Karl Marx. the primary of task in Marx has either a common and a particular that means. as a rule the princi­ ple refers back to the activist aspect in Marxian perform motivating either Marx and his modern devotees. the explicit part of the main pertains to Marx's philosophy - the primary of task being that con­ cept which underlies the full approach. task for Marx is either a philosophic idea and a component of human event demanded by way of his procedure. Marx, that's, not just theorizes approximately job but in addition illustrates his conception in hislife. consequently, we discover the primary of job either in his writings and in his doings. the phrases motion, Tiitigkeit, or Praxis to consult Marx almost always used the main of task. No significant thinker has absolutely handled the idea that of motion. We occasionally think that motion basically happens after we can realize a few outward end result or movement. Spinoza's definition of motion disallows this slender interpretation of task. I say that we act whilst something is completed, both inside of us or with out us, of which we're the enough reason, that's to assert ... whilst from our nature whatever follows, both inside of us or with out, which by means of that nature on my own may be essentially and 1 exceedingly understood.

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Revolution is brought about through the use of the class-struggle which has historically been a corrupting force but is now used as an instrument for its own destruction. By class (proletarian) action the moment of opposition is changed into a phase of development. Contrary to the view of others, Marx maintained that change was to be accomplished not by a political party but by a class. To bring about the conditions conducive to truly human existence, said Marx, it is necessary to destroy the class structure and establish communal ownership of all goods.

In Pragmatism, Marxism sees a complete annihilation of the criterion of truth which it proposes, namely, objective practice. It is true that Pragmatism likewise proposes practice as the criterion of truth, but when it speaks of "practice" it usually refers to subjective practice. For the Pragmatist that knowledge is true which "works for me," which appears "attractive to me," which fulfills the personal desires of the Pragmatist himself. For the Marxist, that knowledge is true which, when applied, is productive of progress and development in the objective world of material reality.!

The human being is like a coiled spring waiting to uncoil itself in action at the first touch of a stimulus from without. At the starting point of its action, it knows or is aware of the stimulus; but this knowledge, like the release of the spring, is only incidental. The true purpose of the human being's activity is not to know the stimulus but to change it. " This is not to deny that we can know the outside world; in certain unrepresentative moments we may even be content with a mere knowing.

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