By Shirley D. Sullivan
Sullivan makes a speciality of 8 key mental phrases - phr n, thumos, kardia, kear, tor, nous, prapides, and psych - that seem often in historic Greek texts yet that have quite a lot of attainable meanings. amassing situations from The Persians, Seven opposed to Thebes, Suppliants, Agamemnon, Choephoroi, and Eumenides (instances from Prometheus certain, whose authorship is in query, are handled in notes and an appendix), Sullivan first examines each one psychic time period individually. She then discusses cases of the phrases in each one play, reading the that means of the psychic time period within the context of the play during which it seems that and offering info on Aeschylus' utilization. This booklet sheds gentle at the wealthy and infrequently difficult means within which Aeschylus makes use of mental terminology and is a superb reference for classicists, psychologists, philosophers, and students of comparative literature.
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Additional resources for Aeschylus' Use of Psychological Terminology: Traditional and New
450, Eum. 275. 73 At Choe. 6 They appear to urge a more energetic response for what the present demands (454). Phrenes act as a seat of memory; if events are placed within in a "deep" and "calm" way, they appear able to affect future action positively. Eum. 275 presents a similar image. "71 In referring to phren as a seat of memory, Aeschylus uses a traditional idea. , //. 33, 9-6n; Od. 454, 19-236). Second, Pindar, at Ol. 79 30 Aeschylus' Use of Psychological Terminology Deception Ag. 492. One idea of phrenes that we find in early poetry is that they can be deceived.
11). 123). 50 Aeschylus echoes this idea in his reference to phrenes. What their thoughts in the present situation may consider is the working out of justice both in the past and in the present. At 1033 phren is described as being "kindled into flame" ( ). 2). Pindar describes Medea as "burning ( ) in her phrenes" with love (Pyth. 219). Aeschylus' use of the verb with phren is new. He uses it one other time, in Sept. 52 Thumos. " Here we encounter several traditional elements. "54 In these passages we encounter thumos associated with inner speech.
It brings "learning" (mathos), not to be acquired in any other way. This learning is to be found in phrenes and is expressed in "sure thought" (sophroneo). In these lines Aeschylus appears to assign to phren a most important role in human beings. With it they can grasp the hardest lesson, the meaning of suffering. In referring to phrenes as "understanding" or "intelligence," Aeschylus follows traditional usage. Priam "wins fame" with his phrenes (11. 201). Hippodameia and Penelope "excel" in theirs (//.