By Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra
This is often the 1st e-book to supply a entire evaluation of small palms and security-related matters in post-9/11 Afghanistan. It comprises case reports which display the findings of in-depth box examine on hitherto ignored areas of the rustic, and gives a particular stability of thematic research, conceptual versions and empirical examine. Exploring a variety of features of armed violence and measures to take on it, the quantity presents major perception into broader concerns comparable to the efficacy of foreign tips, the ‘shadow’ economic system, warlordism, and the Taliban-led insurgency. to be able to deconstruct and demystify Afghanistan’s alleged ‘gun culture’, it additionally explores the various winning hindrances and possibilities dealing with the rustic in its transition interval. In so doing, the publication deals important classes to the state-builders of Afghanistan in addition to these of alternative nations and areas suffering to emerge from sessions of transition. This ebook should be of a lot curiosity to all scholars of Afghanistan, small palms, insurgency, Asian stories, and clash experiences commonly.
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Extra info for Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies)
The consequences of this are threefold. First, after several years of covert regeneration (evidence of which was dismissed throughout 2005), the revitalization of the Anti-Government Forces (AGF)1 insurgency has graphically challenged these impressions of progress. More than 4,000 people (primarily AGF militants) died in violence in 2006 (AFP, 2006c). Spring 2006 witnessed a renewed willingness by the Taliban to engage in sizeable set-piece battles and massed attacks against Coalition and Afghan government forces, although NATO was generally viewed to have successfully rebuffed their offensive.
Numerous government officials are former commanders who have yet to sever their links to armed groups, a situation that both erodes the popular legitimacy of the government and stymies attempts to achieve political consensus for initiatives to reduce and control small arms. A third explanation for failing to reduce the availability of small arms is the belief that disarming the population would lead to more, not less, insecurity, at least until the government could guarantee stability. Significant efforts have been made to restructure and arm the security forces, in Introduction 3 particular the army, while disarmament has so far featured only as a secondary goal in the demilitarization process.
It is not only active violence, but also structural violence that underpins the so-called ‘rule of the gun’ in post-conflict Afghanistan. Through the threat of force, commanders and militias with weapons have insulated themselves from the checks and balances of governmental and traditional institutions; they have acquired or influenced political appointments at the district, provincial and even central government levels, and many local militias have been legalized and funded by the government, the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), Coalition forces and private security companies.