By Said Amir Arjomand
A entire analytical view of Iran within the final twenty years, overlaying the advance of theocratic executive, hindrances to democratization and hardliners' international coverage and neighborhood ambitions
Written by means of the writer of The Turban for the Crown
A new concept of the innovative approach and post-revolutionary reconstruction urged via the Iranian case
For many americans, Iran is our most deadly enemy--part of George W. Bush's "axis of evil" even prior to the looks of Ahmadinejad. yet what's the fact? How did Ahmadinejad upward push to energy, and what sort of strength does he fairly have? What are the possibilities of normalizing kinfolk with Iran?
In After Khomeini, Saïd Amir Arjomand paints a sophisticated and perceptive portrait of latest Iran. This paintings, a sequel to Arjomand's acclaimed The Turban for the Crown, examines Iran less than the successors of Ayatollah Khomeini as much as the current day. He starts off, because the Islamic Republic did, with Khomeini, delivering an excellent tablet biography of the guy who masterminded the revolution that overthrew the Shah. Arjomand attracts transparent differences among the moderates of the preliminary word of the revolution, radicals, pragmatists, and hardliners, the latter most sensible exemplified through Mahmud Ahmadinejad. Taking a chronological and thematic strategy, he strains the emergence and consolidation of the current procedure of collective rule through clerical councils and the peaceable transition to twin management via the ayatollah because the ideal advisor and the subordinate president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. He explains the inner political quarrels between Khomeini's heirs as a fight over his progressive legacy. And he outlines how the ruling clerical elite and the nation's safeguard forces are interdependent politically and economically, speculating at the strength destiny function of the progressive Guards. Bringing the paintings as much as present political occasions, Arjomand analyzes Iran's overseas coverage to boot, together with the impression of the autumn of Communism on Iran and Ahmadinejad's nuclear policy.
Few international locations loom greater in American overseas relatives than Iran. during this wealthy and insightful account, knowledgeable on Iranian society and politics untangles the complexities of a country nonetheless using the turbulent wake of 1 of history's nice revolutions.
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Additional info for After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors
11 With its enhanced power of dismissal and its supervisory committee, the Assembly of Leadership Experts became an inﬂuential organ in the collective conciliar clerical rule. The Maslahat Council was recognized as the advisory arm of Leadership and was given the authority to determine major state policies. This went beyond Khomeini’s original terms of institution, which had stipulated that it “should not become a power alongside the other [three] Powers” and another major clerically dominated organ of the conciliar regime.
It led to the resignation of the Guardian Council’s Secretary and ablest jurist, Ayatollah Lotfollah Saﬁ, who insisted on remaining faithful to the Shi’ite tradition by opposing the imposition of Maslahat or public interest upon the norms of its jurisprudence. Imam Khomeini acknowledged the validity of Saﬁ’s objection but nevertheless afﬁrmed that his revolutionary deviation was necessary. The legal logic and rationality of the modern state Khomeini had swallowed thus ﬁnally overcame the traditional logic of the Shi’ite jurists’ law.
It was, however, by no means the only menace to the Shi’ite tradition that alarmed Khomeini, nor the one that ﬁrst prompted him into action in the public sphere. The threat that made him a public intellectual long before he became a revolutionary was not political but cultural. Although he knew and was sympathetic to the clerical activists opposed to Reza Shah in the 1920s and 1930s, Khomeini’s entry into the public arena began a few years after Reza Shah’s departure from Iran. In 1944, when he was in his early forties, Khomeini anonymously published a book attacking the advocates of Islamic reform.